Language English

Launched 1991
Closed [...]

Developer Jones, Rhett “Jonzy”

Country of Origin US America


Topic Universal

Region No Limitation

Technical functionalities
Gopher search tool

Used SeEn

Older Version Internet Archive / WebCite

Sonnenreich, Wes (1997): »While Archie indexed computer files, "Gopher" indexed plain text documents. Gopher was created in 1991 by Mark McCahill at the University of Minnesota. (The program was named after the school's mascot). Because these were text files, most of the Gopher sites became Web sites after the creation of the World Wide Web. Two other programs, "Veronica" and "Jughead," searched the files stored in Gopher index systems. Veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computerized Archives) provided a keyword search of most Gopher menu titles in the entire Gopher listings. Jughead (Jonzy's Universal Gopher Hierarchy Excavation And Display) was a tool for obtaining menu information from various Gopher servers.« Source

Salient Marketing (2006): »Shortly after Veronica’s appearance, another Gopher search tool called Jughead was developed by Rhett “Jonzy” Jones at the University of Utah Computer Centre. Despite comical appearances, Jones claimed Jughead stood for Jonzy’s Universal Gopher Hierarch Excavation and Display. Jughead had similar functionality to Veronica, but added Boolean search capabilities. However, Jughead restricted the search to individual servers.« Source


Critical points

Features & Functionality


References & further Publications

Wikipedia (EN):
Wikipedia (Others):

Other Sources

Sonnenreich, Wes (1997): A History of Search Engines URL:
Salient Marketing (2006): Archie’s pal, Jughead - 1993 URL:

Created: 2016-03-02