Google Groups was founded in February 2001 after Google acquired the Usenet archive of Deja News. The archive stretched back to 1995 and contained 500 million messages of human conversations. This was complemented by contributions from 1981-1991 donated to Google by the University of Western Ontario. Starting in May 2001, Google offered Google Groups, a tool for users not only to search the Usenet, but also to enter their own messages. The Usenet's special feature was that the very good search technology made content easy to find.
|Country of Origin||US America|
|2001 - [...]||Google Inc.|
|Topic||Usenet / Group Search|
|Used SeEn||Google Search Engine|
|Older Version||Internet Archive / WebCite|
|Wikipedia: »Google Groups is a service from Google Inc. that provides discussion groups for people sharing common interests.
The Groups service also provides a gateway to Usenet newsgroups via a shared user interface.
Google Groups became operational in February 2001, following Google's acquisition of Deja's Usenet archive.
(Deja News had been operational since 1995.)
Google Groups offers at least two kinds of discussion group; in both cases users can participate in threaded conversations,
either through a web interface or by e-mail. The first kind are forums specific to Google Groups which are inaccessible by NNTP
and act more like mailing lists. The second kind are Usenet groups, for which Google Groups acts as gateway and unofficial archive
(the Google Groups archive of Usenet newsgroup postings dates back to 1981). Through the Google Groups user interface, users can read
and post to Usenet groups.
In addition to accessing Google and Usenet groups, registered users can also set up mailing list archives for e-mail lists that are hosted elsewhere.
Prior to the acquisition of its archive by Google (in 2001) the Deja News Research Service was an archive of messages posted to Usenet discussion
groups, started in March 1995 by Steve Madere in Austin, Texas. Its powerful search engine capabilities won the service acclaim, generated
controversy, and significantly changed the perceived nature of online discussion.
While archives of Usenet discussions had been kept for as long as the medium existed, Deja News offered a novel combination of features.
It was available to the general public, provided a simple World Wide Web user interface, allowed searches across all archived newsgroups,
returned immediate results, and retained messages indefinitely. The search facilities transformed Usenet from a loosely organized and ephemeral
communication tool into a valued information repository. The archive's relative permanence, combined with the ability to search messages by
author, raised concerns about privacy and confirmed oft-repeated past admonishments that posters should be cautious in discussing themselves
While Madere was initially reluctant to remove archived material, protests from users and legal pressure led to the introduction of "nuking",
a method for posters to permanently remove their own messages from search results. It already supported the use of an "X-No-Archive" message
header, which if present would cause an article to be omitted from the archive. This did not prevent others from quoting the material in a later
message and causing it to be stored. Copyright holders were also allowed to have material removed from the archive. According to Humphrey Marr
of Deja News, copyright actions most frequently came from the Church of Scientology. The capability to 'nuke' postings other than for
obvious abuse was later removed from the UI under Google's tenure.
The service was eventually expanded beyond search. My Deja News offered the ability to read Usenet in the traditional chronological,
per-group manner, and to post new messages to the network. Deja Communities were private Internet forums offered primarily to businesses.
In 1999 the site (now known as Deja.com) sharply changed direction and made its primary feature a shopping comparison service. During this
transition, which involved relocation of the servers, many older messages in the Usenet archive became unavailable. By late 2000 the company,
in financial distress, sold the shopping service to eBay, who incorporated the technology into their half.com service.
By 2001, the Deja search service was shut down. In February 2001, Google acquired Deja News (and its archive), and transitioned its assets
to groups.google.com. Users were then able to access these Usenet newsgroups through the new Google Groups interface.
By the end of 2001, the archive had been supplemented with other archived messages dating back to May 11, 1981.
These early posts from 1981–1991 were donated to Google by the University of Western Ontario, based on archives by
Henry Spencer from the University of Toronto. A short while[when?] later, Google released a new version, which allowed users to create
their own (non-Usenet) groups.
When AOL discontinued access to Usenet around 2005, it recommended Google Groups instead.
In October 2010, Google announced it would be dropping support for welcome messages, pages, and files effective January 2011.
In December 2010, Google rolled out a new UI preview with more GMail/Reader-like functionality.
On June 26, 2013 Google Groups released a new version.« Source|
|Barry Schwartz (2007): »Google Groups launched their beta design to the public last night. The new design change switched from an orange/yellow/white color scheme to a light blue and white color scheme. The new design also comes with some feature additions including:
Pages. Create and contribute to shared web pages with simple drag, drops, cuts, pastes, and clicks (i.e., no coding).
Customized look and feel. Select pictures, colors, and styles to express your group’s style.
Member profiles. See who else is in the group and read their profiles. Personalize your own profile with a photo and other details.
File sharing. Post documents that anyone in the group can access.
Easy reading of group discussions. Read easily in a Gmail-style interface.
The official Google press release on the new Google Groups can be found here. Google Blogosoped has the before and after screen shots, the official Google Blog has a post on it leading to the tour of the new Google Groups.«
|Wikipedia: »Google Groups was blocked in Turkey since April 10, 2008 by the order of a court in Turkey. According to The Guardian, the court banned Google Groups following a libel complaint by Adnan Oktar against the service. Google Groups was the first of several websites to be blocked by the Turkish Government in rapid succession solely for including material that allegedly offended Islam. It is currently available in Turkey.« Source|
|Wikipedia: »The late Lee Rizor, also known as "Blinky the Shark," started the Usenet Improvement Project, a project which is highly critical of Google Groups and its users. The project aims to "make Usenet participation a better experience." They have accused Google Groups of turning a blind eye to an "increasing wave of spam" from its servers and of encouraging an Eternal September of "lusers" and "lamers" arriving in established groups en masse. The Usenet Improvement Project provides several killfile examples to block messages posted by Google Groups users in several newsreaders. Slashdot and Wired contributors have criticized Google for its inattention to a search engine for Google Groups, leaving many older postings virtually inaccessible.« Source|
Features & Functionality
References & further Publications
|Wikipedia (EN): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Groups|
|Wikipedia (Others): https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Groups|
|Barry Schwartz (2007): Google Groups Beta Design Comes Out Of Beta URL: http://searchengineland.com/google-groups-beta-design-comes-out-of-beta-10344|
|Google (2007): New Version of Google Groups Gives Groups Their Own Home on the Web URL: http://googlepress.blogspot.de/2007/01/new-version-of-google-groups-gives_23.html|
|Posting and Full Usenet Archive Now Available URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20010603114543/http://groups.google.com/googlegroups/posting_announce.html|
|Google Acquires Usenet Discussion Service and Significant Assets from Deja.com URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20010216202357/http://www.google.com/press/pressrel/pressrelease48.html|
|Google Acquires Deja's Usenet Archive URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20010217005302/http://groups.google.com/|